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21 января  2020 г. 15:49, г. Тируванантапурам, Индия Смотреть на карте


Goa, The western coastal region of India known as the Konkan in western india. It is India's smallest state by area and the fourth smallest state by population. Tourism is the main way of income of the state and has the highest GDP per capita among all other states. Portuguese conquered Goa in early 16th century. remains there still now. Goa is visited by large numbers of international and domestic tourists each year for its white sand beaches, nightlife, places of worship and world heritage architecture. It has rich flora and fauna, owing to its location on the western ghats range, a biodiversity hotspot.

Having been a Portuguese territory for over 450 years, Goa's culture is an interesting amalgamation of both Eastern and Western styles, with the latter having a more dominant role. Goa showcases religious harmony by focusing on the Deepastambha, the Cross and Ghode Modni followed by a chariot. The people of Goa are commonly referred by the name Goan. Goan origin may be contributed

Towards to the Indo-Aryan, Dravidian and Astro-Asiatic ethnic and linguistic cultures.

There are both traditional hindu and goan catholic wedding styles present in Goa.


The Catholic wedding in Goa involves many customs and traditions that captures the happiest times of the Goan people. In the earlier days a middle person known as a 'Mali' or 'Raibari' used to arrange the marriage by taking a proposal to the boy's or the girl's family. These days very few marriages are arranged this way and a family directly goes with a proposal if they like the boy or the girl. Next after they agree, a decision called 'Utor' or promise is taken by the families whereby they discuss the details of the wedding that include the dowry to be given to the bridegroom.The engagement is then traditionally held at the groom's place and takes place with the exchange of rings in the presence of family members, priests, relatives and friends. The bridegroom ' s ring is taken in a special box that has an Infant Jesus statuette. The bride's parents also put some money which represents the amount of dowry at the bottom of the box. This is counted by an elderly family member who is known as' yezman'.After this all the wedding preparations actually start. Relatives of both, the bride and the groom go shopping on a particular day to purchase fabrics for the bridal gown, the 'saddo' and the dress material that the bride has to wear on the next day of the wedding.According to the existing Portuguese Civil Code the next step for the couple is Civil Registration which is done at the Civil Registrar's office, in the presence of parents, close relatives and two witnesses. Within a period of three weeks thereafter the public can raise and submit objections if any, as the Registrar affixes a notice on the board inviting them to do so.After the first bann is read, on the very same day the bride is supposed to wear the 'Chuddo' in her maternal uncle's house who is supposed to invite her for lunch . The 'Chuddo' ceremony takes place here where the bangle seller ie the cankonkar comes to the house and fits bangles on the bride's hands in the accompaniment of 'zoti' which are special commemorative songs. The bangles worn are green in color with yellow lines and it symbolizes the married life of the bride. Thus they should not be broken and the bride is not expected to do any work due to this. The bangle seller is paid some money for his services along with a measure of rice, one coconut and some bananas. After this another ceremony known as 'Roas' is held on a day before the wedding. Here the bride and the groom, each at their respective residences are required to bathe in coconut water. For this the first coconut juice called 'apros' is used. According to Goan tradition coconut milk is poured even on the bridesmaids and the best men. Relatives and friends attending the function apply the roas to the bridal couple which symbolizes purification and signals the end of spinsterhood and bachelorhood. After this it is said that the couple should not go out of the house till the wedding day. A sweet dish made of rice, coconut and jaggery known as 'atoll' is served to the guests at the end of the Roas ceremony. In honor of the departed souls of the house a lunch known as 'Bicareanchem Jevonn' is held. Before the cooking of this meal begins, a senior member of the family breaks a coconut in front of the house. The specialty in this lunch is a spicy aromatic dry prawn curry known as 'samarachi koddi' that is cooked with dry unripe salted mango (mango sol). 'Voddes' made of rice and urid dal are also served. A sweet made of wheat and sugar cooked in coconut juice known as 'soji' and another made of gram dal, coconut juice and jaggery known as 'Vonn' is also served. For this meal special paddy is boiled and all this is accompanied by zotis'.On the wedding day, a close relative of the groom who is supposed to help the bride dress up comes to her house with the wedding dress and other items. Before going to the church all close relatives and friends bless the bride and the groom in their respective residences. The wedding car comes to pick the bride after reaching the groom to the church. Here at the nuptials the couple declare the wedding vows and the priest then pronounces them man and wife. After this on their return from church, the newly wedded couple comes to the groom's house and the groom's mother puts a gold chain on the bride's neck and places the 'saddo' on her shoulder. The function will end with a prayer called tedeao.

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